Nutrients and adequate water are essential to support your agricultural crop growth. You cannot rest your case on natural rain for supplying water for your crops. That is why it is best to go for the installation of commercial irrigation systems; here are 9 types detailed for you.
9 Types of Irrigation Systems
An irrigation system aims to aid plant growth and reduce soil erosion. Along with that, it is crucial to set up a cycle that minimizes water loss. In such a case scenario, choosing the right irrigation system is important.
Drip Irrigation System
This type is commonly found in areas of high-value vegetable crops such as a vineyard. It comprises a mesh of tubes with small holes, or emitters present above or below the soil’s surface. They slowly drip water into the ground over some time.
Some advantages of drip irrigation over other types of systems are that they use around 50% less water and prevent soil erosion and fungal growth. Other than that, they are pretty easy to modify and thus are a popular choice.
Just like the name signifies, sprinklers make water flow via pipes in a fine spray to a particular area. Usually, micro sprinklers are best for tree crops. They are next in line due to affordability, lesser water consumption, and cost-effectiveness.
Centre Pivot Irrigation
This method of irrigation is dynamic and functions with the help of a central pipe. It has rotating outlets around a main pivot point. Center pivot irrigation is much like the sprinkler system; however, it is much bigger and needs steel or aluminum towers for support.
Furrow Irrigation Systems
This irritation technique forms a surface of small parallel channels filled with water. The crops grow on ridges between the tracks. Furrow irrigation is best for multiple crops like corn, sunflower, soybean, and sugarcane.
The furrow system saves time, money, and, most importantly, labor time.
This type goes back to the primitive days of agricultural practice, which still exists in mountainous areas. The terraced irrigation system manages water and soil runoff and enhances soil fertility and productivity.
The water in this cycle is scattered proportionally throughout your land, which moves via gravitational pull without automation. Water enters the basins by siphons or gated pipes.
The water runs down throughout the area under low pressure. A mesh of pipework passes through the soil and distributes water to all the plants.
In the sub-irrigation system, the water table in the surrounding is raised to spread water evenly all over. Different methods, such as canals, pumping stations, ditches, or gates, lift the water table in this irrigation system.
A manual system distributes water evenly throughout the field using a workforce like laborers or watering cans.
Every irrigation technique benefits the crops in its own distinct way. More or less, it depends on what you are using it on. You can always contact Advanced Construction and Development to help you with any query. Get in touch with us by dialing (936) 521-2446.