How Does A Water Fountain Pump Work?

May 15, 2024 | Blog, Fountain Pump

Ever wandering out and about, have you ever thought how these beautiful fountains keep the water flowing? The secret is well hidden – the motor pump! Yes, a water fountain works with the help of a pump and does not waste water; let’s find out how.

But first, here is a brief overview of the types, and then we will move on to the working mechanism of a water fountain.

Types of Fountain Pumps

Common types include:

  1. Centrifugal Pumps: This type is the most common that uses an impeller to create pressure and flow of water. Plus, they are considered the best for generating high flow rates when needed.
  2. Submersible Pumps: Submersible fountain pumps have the motor sealed in the body, with the entire unit submerged in the water. These pumps are easier to install and are generally less expensive than external pumps.
  3. External Pumps: These fountain pumps are designed to be used outside the water body; therefore, they need a more extensive installation setup. External pumps are more efficient and have lower operating costs. These qualities make them better suited for larger ponds.
  4. Commercial Pumps: These are well-suited for decorative purposes, such as in indoor and outdoor fountain fixtures. Their size is smaller and quieter, with lower flow rates suitable for aesthetic appeal.
  5. Industrial Pumps: Industrial fountain pumps are used for functions such as aerating wastewater, treating sewage, or circulating stagnant water. You can expect them to be more rugged and designed to provide higher flow rates and pressures.

How Do Fountain Pumps Work?

Here is a stepwise breakdown of how a fountain pump works:

Fountain Pump Components and Operation

A fountain pump makes use of multiple components and functions to move water in a fountain. The process is anything but simple and begins with the suction mechanism, where the pump draws water from the base of the fountain.

That water is then directed towards the impeller rotator machine that is present within the pump. The impeller does not work on its own and is powered by a motor, which converts electrical energy into rotational energy. This transitioned energy system is then transferred to the water by the impeller, propelling the water upwards through the fountain’s tube and nozzle.

Pressure Generation and Flow Control

As the impeller spins, the next step is creating the pressure that forces water to move vertically, creating the desired effect within the fountain. Additionally, the pumps often feature flow control mechanisms that let you adjust the rate at which you want the water to flow through the fountain. The control over pressure and flow gives you the power to customize the fountain’s appearance and performance.

Priming and Backflow Prevention

To start working, a fountain pump needs priming, which needs filling the pump with water to ensure proper functioning. This initial process is crucial for the pump to effectively suck and circulate water. Furthermore, there are many fountain pumps equipped with check valves to prevent backflow. This feature maintains consistent water pressure and water flow within the fountain system.

Closing Note

Thinking about getting a water fountain and have more questions regarding the topic? Get in touch with competent contractors to talk about your vision and figures.

Talk to professionals at Advanced Construction and Development by dialing (936) 521-2446 to get answers to all your queries. Or, you can drop by our office in Texas for assistance.


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